Blue Economic Concept on Protecting Marine Ecosystem in Indonesia and China
The concept of the Blue Economy is an economic principle for sustainable development, which was first introduced at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012, for Southeast Asian countries was also introduced at the APEC Summit held in 2013. This concept is expected to be able to solve the problems of marine ecosystems caused by marine-based economic activities, such as the problem of overfishing since 2017, and the problem of marine debris both from land and waste from economic activities at sea – garbage mining and marine tourism. Indonesia's marine-based economy without a doubt has potential to be improved and has to be in line with protecting and preserving the environment and the ecosystem with this concept. One of the countries that have regulated this concept and succeeded in increasing its marine-based economy is the People's Republic of China (PR China). This journal uses normative methods and comparative
studies to find out how both countries regulate the protection of marine ecosystems while maximizing the use of it as part of economic activities, and what lesson Indonesia can learn from PR China in its maritime regulations to encourage the improvement of marine-based economic income.
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